Bosnian mountains with its many high peaks make up four-fifths of the country, and are a part of the Dinaric Alps. Sixty mountains in Bosnia and Herzegovina have peaks above 1500 meters above sea level, while 11 have peaks are over 2000 meters above see level, including Maglić, as the highest peak in Bosnia and Herzegovina with 2386 meters.

The city of Sarajevo is surrounded by four Olympic mountains of Trebević, Jahorina, Igman, Bjelašnica, as well as Treskavica and Romanija of rare natural beauty.

Situated in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula, Sarajevo and its mountains have throughout the history been on the roads of different civilisations that had left their marks. The most striking remnants of the past are necropolis of medieval tombstones known as stećak, found at altitudes close to 2,000 meters. These are medieval monolithic tombstones found across the entire territory of present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina (60,000 tombstones), parts of Serbia (4,100), Montenegro (3,500) and Croatia (4,400). They are on the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO and are national monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

“Mind me saying, but Mrs. Europe has no historical monuments. The Incas in America have monuments. Egypt has the real cultural monuments. Mind me saying, Mrs. Europe, but only Bosnia has monuments, stećak tombstones. What’s a stećak? The embodiment of a highlander, a Bosnian! What is a Bosnian doing on stećak? He stands upright! His head up, his arm raised! But nowhere did anyone ever find a stećak showing a Bosnian kneeling or begging, showing him as a servant.” (Miroslav Krleža, 1960)