Bosnian mountains with their many high peaks make up four-fifths of the country’s territory , and belong to Dinaric Alps Mountain range. Sixty mountains in Bosnia and Herzegovina have peaks over 1500 meters above sea level, while 11 have peaks are over 2000 meters above see level, including Maglić, with the highest peak in Bosnia and Herzegovina measuring 2386 meters.
The city of Sarajevo is surrounded by four Olympic mountains of Trebević, Jahorina, Igman, Bjelašnica, as well as Treskavica and Romanija which is famous for it’s rare natural beauty.
Situated in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula, Sarajevo and its mountains have been on the roads of different civilisations that had left their marks throughout the history. The most striking remnants of the past are necropolis of medieval tombstones known as stećak, found at altitudes close to 2,000 meters. These are medieval monolithic tombstones found across the entire territory of present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina (60,000 tombstones), parts of Serbia (4,100), Montenegro (3,500) and Croatia (4,400). They are on the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO and are national monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
“Excuse me for saying Mrs. Europe, but you don’t have historical monuments. The Incas in America have monuments. Egypt has the real cultural monuments. Excuse me for saying Mrs. Europe, but only Bosnia has monuments, stećak tombstones. What’s a stećak? The embodiment of a highlander, a Bosnian! What is a Bosnian doing on stećak? He stands upright! His head up high, his arm raised! But nowhere did anyone ever find a stećak showing a Bosnian kneeling or begging, showing him as a slave.” (Miroslav Krleža, 1960)